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Antioxidants are substances that inhibit cellular damage by fighting free radicals and inhibiting oxidation. Antioxidants are found in fruits and vegetables, and several vitamins such as C and E act as antioxidants. Antioxidants such as CoQ10 and Alpha Lipoic Acid are found naturally in our bodies but amounts can diminish over time. Substances such as polyphenols in fruits and vegetables can act as antioxidants while also benefiting our bodies in numerous other ways. Antioxidants also inhibit cellular damage caused by UV rays.
We put resveratrol in several of our moisturizers. Resveratrol is an antioxidant polyphenol found in red wine, cocoa, and many other plants. It is made by plants as a defense against mold, fungi, bacteria, and even UV rays. It can help fight sun damage in human skin, as well has provide some sun blocking protection. Resveratrol has also been shown to interfere with skin cancer growth and induce apoptosis (cell death) of abnormal cells. It has also been shown to have anti-inflammatory capabilities. Below are a few links to studies done on the effects of resveratrol.
Products that contain Resveratrol:
Grape Seed Extract
Another polyphenol antioxidant we put in many of our products is grape seed extract. The following is an excerpt from a summary from The US National Library of Medicine: "Grape seeds contain lipid, protein, carbohydrates, and 5-8% polyphenols depending on the variety. Polyphenols in grape seeds are mainly flavonoids, including gallic acid, the monomeric flavan-3-ols catechin, epicatechin, gallocatechin, epigallocatechin, and epicatechin 3-O-gallate, and procyanidin dimers, trimers, and more highly polymerized procyanidins. Grape seed extract is known as a powerful antioxidant that protects the body from premature aging, disease, and decay. Grape seeds contains mainly phenols such as proanthocyanidins (oligomeric proanthocyanidins). Scientific studies have shown that the antioxidant power of proanthocyanidins is 20 times greater than vitamin E and 50 times greater than vitamin C. Extensive research suggests that grape seed extract is beneficial in many areas of health because of its antioxidant effect to bond with collagen, promoting youthful skin, cell health, elasticity, and flexibility. Other studies have shown that proanthocyanidins help to protect the body from sun damage, to improve vision, to improve flexibility in joints, arteries, and body tissues such as the heart, and to improve blood circulation by strengthening capillaries, arteries, and veins." - PubMed.gov
Other studies have shown that gallic acid in grape seed extract helps to induce apoptosis in many different types of cancer, as well as skin cancer. Grape Seed Extract also has antimicrobial effects on bacteria- including Staph, fungi, and viruses. Below are a few links to studies done on the effects of grape seed extract
Products that contain Grape Seed Extract:
Green Tea Extract
Quercetin is a flavonoid found in fruits and vegetables that has many health benefits. It has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant capabilities. Studies have been done on the effects of quercetin which suggest it may be beneficial for treating and preventing several conditions which include heart disease, cancer, arthritis, and high cholesterol. Quercetin also has antiviral capabilities which is why we put it in our Blist-Eeze, a natural cream for fever blisters and cold sores. Below are several studies describing the antiviral activity of quercetin.
Products that contain Quercetin:
Alpha Lipoic Acid
Alpha lipoic acid is a powerful antioxidant by itself but it also recycles vitamin C and vitamin E. It can restore the antioxidant properties of these vitamins after they have neutralized free redicals.When taken internally alpha lipoic acid has shown time and again in clinical trials to be successful for protecting cells from free-radical damage. Free radicals are unstable molecules caused from normal situations like metabolism to unhealthy activities like smoking, and are a major culprit of wrinkling and the loss of firmness associated with normal aging. Alpha lipoic acid could also come to play an important role in the prevention and treatment of chronic degenerative diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease because it is known as a metabolic antioxidant. Without alpha lipoic acid cells cannot use sugar to produce energy.
Recent studies suggest that topical application of alpha lipoic acid may be effective against wrinkles and scars. In fact, lipoic acid is less irritating than tretinoin (Retin A, Renova) and hydroxy acids. Therefore it can be used in delicate and wrinkle prone area around the eyes.
Products that contain Alpha Lipoic Acid:
Products that contain N-Acetyl Cysteine:
CoQ10 is an important antioxidant enzyme found in every cell of the human body, including the skin. Our bodies produce it naturally, but over time levels of this important enzyme can decline due to many different aging factors. As the amount of CoQ10 declines so does our body's ability to fight the aging process and as well as various diseases incuding heart disease, diabetes, and cancer.
Topical application of CoQ10 can benefit the skin. Most people over the age of 30 have below optimum levels of CoQ10 in their skin. CoQ10 plays an important factor in collagen and elastin production, which effects the skin's elasticity. Furthermore, the antioxidant properties of CoQ10 help the skin respond better to free radical damage and therefore helps the skin fight many problems including those induced by sun damage.
Products that contain CoQ10:
Natural Vitamin E (D Alpha Tocopherol)
Vitamin E is an antioxidant that research has shown to have a variety of benefits for the skin. Studies have shown vitamin E may help decrease the effects if psoriasis and erythema, in the reduction of stretch marks, in the reduction of scarring from wounds, and it may help to reduce the risk of skin cancer. A study from Duke University concluded that "Appreciable photoprotection can be obtained from the combination of topical vitamins C and E. We suggest that these natural products may protect against skin cancer and photoaging".
Products that contain vitamin E:
Perrin's Blend, Creme Complete, Creme Complete | Scent of Rose, Lotion Rejuvenation, Sun Screen, Nutra Cream, Ultra Nurture, Lip Guard, Blist-Eeze, X Fungal, Cool Cleanse, Beauty Oil, Massage Oil, Silk Comfort, ItchEeze, Ivy-Eeze.
Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)
The presence of ascorbate is required for a range of essential metabolic reactions in all animals and plants. It is made internally by almost all organisms, humans being the most well-known exception, which means we have to get it from our food. It is widely known that vitamin C deficiency causes scurvy in humans.
Vitamin C is one of the most common antioxidants. It recharges other antioxidants like vitamin E. It helps prevent premature aging and is is required for the synthesis of collagen in the skin. Collagen can be seen as the foundation of healthy and young looking skin. Collagen is the main protein of connective tissue in humans, making up about 25% of the total protein content. Vitamin C may also help fight UV damage. As mentioned above, a study from Duke University concluded that "Appreciable photoprotection can be obtained from the combination of topical vitamins C and E. We suggest that these natural products may protect against skin cancer and photoaging". Vitamin C also contains anti-viral and antibacterial properties.
Products that contain Vitamin C:
Vitamin D can help control the proliferation of skin cells that lead to psoriatic lesions. Vitamin D deficiency may lead to skin malignancies (skin cancer). Topically applied Vitamin D may reduce DNA damage in skin that leads to skin cancer.
The body uses vitamin A for maintenance of healthy skin, good vision and a robust immune system. It is also a free radical fighting antioxidant and therefore is anti-aging. Vitamin A is a carotenoid which is a class of photochemicals that is a fat soluable pigment found in yellow, red, green, and orange vegetables and fruits. Carotenoids act as anticancer agents. Alpha lipoic acid, vitamin E, and vitamin C, help conserve carotenoids in tissue. Research done by Fisher et al in 1998 at the University of Michigan Medical School suggests that higher levels of vitamin A within the skin may prove to have therapeutic and anti-aging value immediately following UV (sun) exposure. Vitamin A stimulates the removal and replacement of damaged skin components.
Biotin is also know an as vitamin H. It is needed for healthy skin, hair, and nails. It can be found in many hair care products. Biotin aids in cell growth, in fatty acid production, in the maetbolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. In infants, a condition called seborrheic dermatitis, or craddle cap which consists of a dry and flaky scalp may be the result of a deficiency of biotin.
Grape Seed Oil moisturizes and nourishes the skin, smooths and gives tone and glow to the skin, and can even help to fight wrinkles and other signs of aging
High in Linoleic Acid
Grape Seed Oil is high in Linoleic Acid, an essential polyunsaturated fatty acid part of the Omega 6 fatty acids. It is found in various vegetable oils, but is particularly high in grape seed oil and safflower oil. Linoleic helps to retain moisture in the skin, has anti-inflammatory effects, and aids in wound healing.
According to reasearch a combination of Vitamin C and Linoleic may help age-associated senile dryness and skin thinness.
Linoleic acid has also been shown to help acne prone skin. Low levels of linoleic acid can lead to more oil production which can lead to more breakouts. Individuals with acne often have low levels of linoleic acid and high levls of oleic acid in their sebum, which causes the sebum to become thick and sticky, and clog pores
Organic Extra Virgin Olive
Organic Rose Hip Seed
Organic Jojoba Oil
Organic Coconut Oil
Organic Aloe Vera
Aloe vera consists of many biologically active substances. These include vitamins, minerals, polysaccharides, glycoprotein, enzymes, anthraquinones or phenolic compounds (just to name a few). These substances play important roles in anti-inflammatory response, antimicrobial, antiviral, antioxidant activity, immunoregulation effects, and especially in wound healing.
Some studies suggest that aloe vera has anti-viral and antibacterial properties. In one study aloe was mixed with the following viruses: herpes, chickenpox, rabies, and flu. Aloe killed these viruses in 15 minutes. Electron microscopic exam demonstrated that the structures surrounding the viruses were torn apart, thus showing how aloe kills certain viruses in vitro. Dermatologists have shown considerable interest in aloe vera due to its antimicrobial and antibacterial properties. In in vitro studies, marked zones of inhibition (bacteriostatic activity) were shown for Staphylococcus aureus 209, E. coli, Streptococcus pyogenes, Coryenbacterium xerose, Shigella paradysenteriae, Salmonella typhosa, Salmonella schotimuelleri, and Salmonella paratyphi.
Aloe Vera as an anti-inflammatory
Some studies have show aloe vera gel to have anti-inflammatory effects superior than 1% hydrocortisone cream and has been effective in treating a number of skin conditions.
A little bit of history: Aloe vera has been used since ancient times because of its benefits for dry and cracked skin, burns, blisters, frostbite, insect bites, and allergic reactions. Many ancient works, including the Bible, refer to the use of aloe. One of the first documented users of aloe vera was Cleopatra. She is said to have used the gel on her skin as protection from the sun, and to have thought the gel helped to keep her skin young-looking. In fact, the Egyptians may have used aloe vera in their embalming of bodies, among other uses. In the 10th Century, the Europeans were introduced, where it became an important ingredient in many herbal medicines. By the 16th Century, aloe arrived in the West Indies, where still today it is grown and harvested. Today, the gel found in the leaves is used for soothing minor burns, wounds, and various skin conditions like eczema and ringworm. The use of this herbal medicine was popularized in the 1950's in many Western Countries. The gel's effect is nearly immediate, plus it also applies a layer over wounds that is said to reduce the chance of any infection.
Organic Cocoa Butter
Organic Shea Butter
We use organic beeswax instead of petroleum because it contains “wax esthers” that also exist in human skin. It is a natural hydrating agent that increases essential moisture in the skin. Beeswax has a very low irritation potential and promotes healing and softening of skin and is an antiseptic. Historically, Beeswax was used in Greece to treat abscesses, by the Assyrians to heal wounds, and by the Egyptians for mummification. Numerous scientific tests have been conducted with a variety of bacteria, fungi, viruses and other microorganisms. A study recently found that a mixture of honey, beeswax and olive oil inhibited the growth of Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans isolated from human specimens.
Organic Vegetable Glycerin
Vegetable glycerin is a skin-friendly humectant that attracts water into the skin as well as a binding agent that occurs naturally in vegetables. It is anti-bacterial and works to make the skin supple while fighting dryness and scaling. It is invaluable as a natural source ingredient with emollient like properties which can soften and soothe the skin and it assists the outer epidermis in retaining moisture. It is also a natural preservative.
Lavender, Geranium, Rose, Jasmine, Frankincense, Rosemary, Cedar Wood, Clove, Cinnamon, Vanilla, Tea Tree, Lemongrass Lemon, Bergamot, Orange, Patchouli, Peppermint, Thyme, Oregano.
Human clinical studies have reported that lavender essential oil may be beneficial in a variety of conditions, including insomnia, alopecia (hair loss), anxiety, stress, and postoperative pain. It may also have antibacterial and antiviral properties. Because of its aroma, lavender oil many times is used massage therapy, acupuncture, and chiropractic manipulation.
Natural Emulsyfing Agents
Organic Corn Starch
Cream of Tartar